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Jun 20, 2011

Infinitive, Gerund, and Participle Phrase

Infinitive, Gerund, and Participle Phrase
a.    Infinitive phrase
An infinitive is a verb form--often preceded by the particle to--that can function as a noun, an adjective, or an adverb.
 - I don't like to help unless I'm getting paid for it.
   - Let me show you the smart way to reach your dream. 
           - I don't want to achieve immortality through my work.

b.      Gerund phrase
A gerund is the -ing or -ed or -d form of the verb used as a noun in a sentence.  Therefore, a gerund would be used in these positions in a sentence:  as a subject, predicate noun, direct object, object of preposition.
A gerund phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund and the modifier(s) and/or (pro)noun(s) or noun phrase(s) that function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund.
1.      - Finding a needle in a haystack would be easier than what we're trying to do.
2.      - I hope that you appreciate my offering you this opportunity.
3.      - You might get in trouble for faking an illness to avoid work.

c.       Participial phrase
A participle is the - ing, -ed, -d form of the verb used as an adjective.  Therefore it would always be modifying a noun/pronoun.
A participial phrase is made up of a participle and its modifiers. A participle may be followed by an object, an adverb, a prepositional phrase, an adverb clause, or any combination of these.
1.      - Running swiftly down the street, the boy won the race.
Running swiftly down the street is a participial phrase modifying the subject, boy.  It tells which boy you are talking about.  He is the one running swiftly down the street.
2.      - Rejected by all his friends, he decided to become a monk.
The participle phrase ‘rejected by all his friends’ describes the pronoun he.
- Most of the people invited to the party didn’t turn up.
The participle phrase ‘invited to the party’ describes the noun people.

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